Car accidents are a leading cause of death around the world. Every day thousands of people perish in preventable auto accidents – and many more suffer life-changing catastrophic injuries. The most common cause of traffic accidents is human error. Distracted, careless, and reckless drivers cause accidents from which many will never fully recover. Other car accidents stem from manufacturer error and defective vehicle products, while still others result from improper roadway maintenance.

In all these cases, car accident victims have an ally in Ragain & Cook, P.C. Our Billings car accident attorneys know how to analyze a case, determine the defendant, and fight for the settlements our clients deserve. The law has a system in place to help car accident victims recover damages from responsible parties. Our lawyers have more than 40 years’ experience navigating this system and helping our clients earn compensation. To discuss your case with an experienced attorney, contact us today.

What to Do Following a Car Accident in Montana

Knowing what actions to take immediately after a car accident can help you stay calm and in control of the situation. There are certain things you should do to help yourself and improve your case should you choose to file a personal injury claim. Keep a checklist of what to do after an accident in your vehicle’s glove compartment, so that in an accident you don’t have to rely on your memory. Here are the steps our experienced attorneys recommend:

  1. Never drive away after an accident. You have a legal duty to stay on scene and make sure everyone is okay. Even minor accidents require everyone involved to stop and assess the damages before leaving.
  2. Prevent further harm. Do as much as you can to make the scene of the accident safe for other vehicles passing by, to avoid further collisions or a pileup. If possible, move disabled vehicles to the side of the highway. Put your emergency flashers on and set up cones or flares if you have them.
  3. Dial 911. Call the police as soon as you are in a safe location. It is wise to always report a car crash, no matter how minor. An official police report is important for insurance claims. If anyone is injured, say so to the police.
  4. Do not admit fault. Do not tell the other driver the accident was your fault, even if you believe it was. Wait for the police to arrive and give details to the officer. The police can help determine who may be at fault. The other driver may have been partially to blame for the crash as well, or a dangerous road condition such as a malfunctioning traffic light may be responsible.
  5. Gather information. Record important information such as the other driver’s name, contact number, insurance card, and license plate numbers. Take photos of the scene of the accident if you can, getting pictures of all vehicles involved, property damage, personal injuries, and views of the street where the accident occurred. If there are any roadside hazards such as debris in the road that may have contributed to the crash, photograph these as well.
  6. Be as detailed as possible in your report. When the police ask you what happened, give as much detail as you can. Do not misstate facts or speculate. Stick to the truth as you know it, and explain what happened to the best of your ability. When asked if you are injured, do not say no if you are not sure. State that you need to see a medical professional to check for injuries. The more information you can relay to the officer while the crash is still fresh in your memory, the better.
  7. Call your insurance company. Obtain a copy of the police report and call your insurance company to report the accident. Most car insurance policies require immediate accident reporting. Your insurer will give you details about your personal injury and property damage coverage. Give the number of the police report to your insurance representative.
  8. Seek medical attention. After any car accident, visit a physician and inform him or her of what happened. Even if you don’t feel injured, you may have sustained a head, brain, or spinal cord injury that has not yet shown symptoms. This is common in injuries such as concussions. Seeing a doctor right away will help if you have to file a personal injury claim. Delaying treatment can make it seem to a judge or jury that your injuries weren’t serious enough to seek help.
  9. Keep a file of car crash documents. Keep an organized file with documents related to your auto accident. This should include a copy of the official police report, information and photos you gathered from the scene, as well as medical records, treatments your doctor prescribes, and all bills relating to your accident. Keeping this information together can help the claims process run smoother.
  10. Protect your rights. Once you’ve notified the police and your insurance company about the accident and received medical attention for injuries, contact a personal injury attorney. Keep the number for Ragain & Cook, PC, on speed dial – (888) 867-6172. Our attorneys can help you protect your rights and make sure no one destroys valuable evidence in your case. Always seek legal advice before giving statements to insurance companies or accepting their settlement offers.

At Ragain & Cook, PC, we can help you understand complex state and local car accident laws in Billings, Montana. You have three years from the date of the traffic accident to file a personal injury claim in Montana. Montana is a modified comparative negligence state, meaning it is possible to earn compensation even if you were partially at fault for a car wreck. Speak to our attorneys after a crash to fully understand your rights and options moving forward.

Texting and Driving in Billings, Montana

Montana has no statewide law banning texting and driving, but Billings and many other municipalities have implemented their own distracted driving prohibitions. Despite texting and driving being unlawful in Billings, Montana, people still engage in this dangerous behavior every day. These drivers risk the lives of everyone around them and are guilty of negligence in the event of a car accident.

Texting and driving is a form of negligence that can make a driver legally responsible for an accident. Using a cell phone during, or immediately before, a collision is a type of evidence plaintiffs often use to prove the other driver’s liability. Always pay close attention to the connection between cell phone use and a auto accident. If you have reason to believe another driver’s texting contributed to your crash, speak to an attorney today. An attorney can investigate the accident, obtain phone records, and defend your rights.

Texting, scrolling through social media accounts, reading emails – all of these actions compromise the ability to drive. Taking one’s eyes, hands, and/or mind off driving makes it difficult to react to changing roadway situations in time to avoid a collision. Distracted driving is an epidemic around the world, growing in number as more and more people engage in texting and driving and other dangerous cell phone behaviors.

If you were involved in a car accident involving a driver that was texting, you have rights. Contact the attorneys at Ragain & Cook, PC, for more information.

Drinking and Driving Montana State Laws

Every two minutes someone suffers an injury in a drunk driving accident. Every 53 minutes, someone dies. About one-third of drunk driving crashes, deaths, and injuries are caused by repeat offenders. Filing a personal injury claim against a drunk driver responsible for your crash can hold him or her responsible for reckless actions. The courts may take action to prevent the driver from repeating the offense, such as ordering a mandatory substance abuse course or ignition interlock device. A personal injury claim against a negligent drunk driver can potentially end in compensation for your injuries and prevent future accidents.

In Montana, driving under the influence (DUI) of alcohol is defined as operating a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration level of 0.08% or higher. This percentage drops to 0.04% for commercial vehicle drivers, and 0.02% for drivers under the legal drinking age of 21. Yet law enforcement can charge drivers with DUI even if their blood alcohol concentration level was below the legal limit. If an officer has reason to believe alcohol or drugs have influenced the person’s driving abilities, the driver may be guilty of DUI.

If you or a loved one has been in an accident involving a driver under the influence of drugs or alcohol, contact Ragain & Cook, PC. We understand state and local DUI laws and work with experts in the field to prove the influence of alcohol if it contributed to a car accident. We can gather police reports, eyewitness testimonies, and expert opinions to help support your case. You may also be able to pursue a wrongful death claim if a loved one was killed in an accident caused by a drunk driver.

Dram Shop Laws in Montana

Montana has something called dram shop laws, which make it possible for the victim of an alcohol-related car accident to bring a personal injury claim against a third party. In certain situations, accident victims can bring a claim against the shop or private individual that provided the alcohol to the intoxicated person who caused the accident. This may be the case if:

  • The vendor knew the person was underage or did not make a reasonable attempt to discover the person’s age and served him or her alcohol.
  • The vendor served alcohol to a person who was noticeably intoxicated.
  • The vendor forced or coerced the person into drinking an alcoholic beverage or told the person it was non-alcoholic.

In these situations, the victim of a subsequent accident with the intoxicated person may be able to hold both the driver and the vendor responsible – the driver for getting behind the wheel intoxicated, and the vendor for irresponsibly serving the person alcohol. Even social hosts at private residences may be liable if the host knew, or should have known the person was underage, or if the host forced or coerced the person into drinking. An experienced attorney can help you discover if a third party may be responsible for your drunk-driving related car accident.

Fatal Auto Accidents in Billings

Billings car accident lawyer


In 2016 Montana had 190 fatal car accidents reported. When compared to other states in the U.S. this number seems low, but Montana also has one of the lowest state populations. Collision data has found that some of the most dangerous intersections in Montana are found in the most populated cities including Missoula, Helena, Billings, and Great Falls.

Fatal car accident cases may take the form of wrongful death claims in the Montana civil court. A wrongful death is one in which someone’s negligence has caused the death of a person. Certain people can bring these claims in Montana to pursue compensation for the person, company, or other entity responsible for the death. Wrongful death lawsuits are basically personal injury cases in which the injured person is not able to seek damages on his or her own behalf. Instead, surviving family members must do so for the deceased.

People allowed to file a claim after a fatal accident in Montana are:

  • Personal representative of the deceased person’s estate.
  • Parents (one or both) if the deceased person was under the age of 18.
  • Legal guardians, if the underage decedent has no parents.

If you qualify, you have three years from the date of your loved one’s death to file a claim in Billings. You may be eligible to receive compensation for economic and non-economic damages such as funeral and burial expenses, your loved one’s accident-related hospital bills up until the date of death, your family’s mental anguish, lost value of wages and benefits, and loss of care and companionship.

At Ragain & Cook, PC, we know a wrongful death claim cannot take back the losses incurred in a fatal car accident. It can, however, help your family move on from this terrible tragedy. Reach out to our team to see how we may be able to help you through this difficult time.

Montana Railroad Crossing Accidents

Montana has dozens of major railways that cut through the state to transport goods and people. While the economy still relies on the train system, hundreds of train accidents occur every year. Trains may derail, strike other vehicles, or hit pedestrians. Many things can cause a railroad crossing accident, from a disabled vehicle on the tracks to a negligent train conductor. There are state laws that cover trains and railroads, including common carrier accidents. According to these laws, victims of railroad crossing accidents (pedestrians, train passengers, and drivers of other vehicles) have the right to sue the train engineer or company for negligence.

Ragain & Cook, PC, have many years of experience handling claims against railroads in Montana, including personal injury or wrongful death lawsuits after railroad crossing accidents. We are familiar with state and federal common carrier safety laws and know what to look for when investigating causes of the accident. We can gain access to the train’s black box, which records important evidence and represent your case with a strong foundation of facts. We serve the people of Billings and beyond who have been injured in train-related incidents.

To schedule your free consultation with Ragain & Cook, PC, about any type of car accident you or a loved one has recently been involved in, dial (888) 867-6172 or contact us online today.

What Happens If Debris in the Road Caused My Car Accident?

If you’ve suffered an injury on a Montana road due to debris, you need help from attorneys who understand the challenges of a personal law suit against a city or municipality. For help deciphering whether your accident warrants a person injury lawsuit, talk to our team. Lawsuits against city agencies and corporations are notoriously challenging, but at Ragain & Cook, we have knowledge and experience with such issues, and have seen clients through cases when they’re successful.

Kind of Road Debris in Montana

There are countless different items that can cover Montana’s roadways. A study by AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety reported that more than 200,000 vehicle crashes in the United States in the past four years were the result of road debris. Between 2011 and 2014, there were approximately 39,000 injuries and 500 deaths that occurred because of road debris.

Drivers swerving out of the way to avoid hitting something in the road caused 37% of road debris accidents. Swerving can both lead to a crash with another vehicle and cause you to lose control of your own vehicle. Cold Montana winters make ice and snow a serious issue for months. While the cities take care of maintaining safe roads, sometimes ice build-up and large chucks in the middle of the roads become a danger.

The most common types of road debris, however, are parts of cars that have become detached, unsecured cargo that flies off of the vehicle, and tow trailers separating and hitting other cars.

What to Do After an Accident Involving Debris

If you are involved in an accident caused by road debris, it is important to document the scene as well as you can. Take pictures of the vehicles involved, the damage inflicted, and the road debris that led to the accident. Be sure to see a doctor as soon as you can if you were injured. If you choose to file a lawsuit, you will need medical records or bills to serve as evidence of the injury that you suffered. If there were other people involved or witnesses, get their contact information if possible so that your attorney can contact them for statements.

Who Is Responsible for Road Debris Injuries

Because another driver is not responsible in accidents involving road debris, it can be difficult determining who is liable for your damages. If the debris is something the city government should have dealt with, they are responsible for your injury. They must clean debris from the roads in a reasonable about of time. If they breached their duty to keep the roads safe, they are at fault. If you are trying to prove the government was negligent, you need to prove they knew or should have known about the debris.

Trucking companies can be responsible for road debris accidents. If something that fell off a truck caused your accident, the trucking company may be responsible because they failed to secure their cargo adequately – failing their duty of care. In those situations, you could pursue a lawsuit against the trucking company.

Help After an Injury Caused By Road Debris

If you or a loved one has suffered an injury caused by road debris in Montana, you deserve compensation. Accidents due to road debris can be serious and do significant damage. Talk to our team. We understand Montana’s liability laws and can help you determine who was at fault for your accident and whether you should file a lawsuit. If you decide to pursue a lawsuit, we can also fight for you and do all we can to secure everything that you may need to recover from the accident.


“I was in a car wreck that totaled my truck, left me injured and kept me out of work. Joe jumped on my case and began working right away. He got my medical bills paid, secured a fair payment for my truck damage, and collected a great settlement from the insurance company. When my uncle and cousin were hurt in a car wreck, I had zero hesitation recommending them to Joe.” – J.S.